Flipped Learning Can Be a Key to Transforming Teaching and Learning Post-Pandemic
When we take a look at all of the assumptions which were overturned in increased schooling due to the pandemic and all of the wants which have solely grown throughout this time, what turns into clear is that frameworks that beforehand labored for increased schooling are now not assured to perform. Something new is required, and flipped studying could also be precisely the suitable mannequin for the place increased schooling is headed as soon as the pandemic is over.
What is flipped studying? A standard and oversimplified reply is that it’s an strategy that asks college students to watch lecture vidoes at dwelling earlier than class in order that class time can be utilized for extra interactive actions.
But one of the simplest ways to describe it’s to distinction it with conventional educating frameworks. In the standard framework, college students get first contact with new ideas at school (the “group space” as I name it in my book on flipped studying) and then higher-level interactions are all on the coed aspect by way of homework and so on (within the “individual space”). Flipped studying places first contact with new concepts earlier than group area actions, then makes use of the group area for lively studying on mid- and upper-level duties.
It’s worthwhile to examine flipped and conventional frameworks by contrasting the assumptions that every framework makes:
- Traditional frameworks assume that we function in a shortage mannequin of data; flipped studying assumes that info is ample and (largely) freely out there.
- Traditional frameworks assume that expertise is scarce, or one way or the other dangerous for studying; flipped studying, by advantage of the flexible environment it espouses, views expertise as a software that ought to be embraced.
- Traditional frameworks assume that college students arrive at class as clean slates with no prior information of the brand new ideas to be discovered; flipped studying assumes that college students come to their research with concepts, maybe flawed in some ways, however which nonetheless are uncooked supplies for studying that college students convey to the desk.
- Perhaps most importantly, conventional frameworks assume that college students don’t have any capability for self-regulation or self-teaching, and actually that it is inappropriate to ask college students to do both. Flipped studying not solely believes within the skill of scholars to self-teach and self-regulate, it leans into that skill and relies upon that skill. But it additionally by no means assumes that college students have honed that skill and even practiced it a lot; that is why educating college students to self-teach and self-regulate is a characteristic, not a bug, of the framework.
Now take into consideration the seismic adjustments that the pandemic has caused in increased schooling and continues to be bringing about. Higher schooling had many assumptions of its personal prior to the pandemic, and a number of of them have been completely wrecked by it:
- We can now not assume that we’ve got just about limitless entry to colocation. In different phrases, we used to take assembly commonly in particular person in a classroom fully as a right; we’ll by no means give you the chance to do this once more, even as soon as the pandemic is over.
- We can now not assume that a pure lecture pedagogy is a suitable educating mannequin or that banning expertise is a suitable apply. Regardless of 1’s emotions about lecturing, college students throughout the pandemic grew to become reluctant to settle for a speaking head as a affordable use of their time and tuition cash. We can count on this sense to proceed as soon as we’re again in particular person and there’s a value to be paid for colocating. And having seen the promise of expertise as a software for efficient studying throughout the Big Pivot, the genie is out of the bottle there as nicely.
- We can now not assume that we are able to assess college students by way of conventional timed testing any time we would like. This could also be a corollary to the lack of colocation plus the rise of expertise, but it surely appears clear from the place I sit that the pandemic dealt a dying blow to your complete idea of timed testing. This might solely be tangentially associated to flipped studying, but it surely’s vital.
- Finally, all 4 of the pedagogical assumptions of conventional frameworks are actually out the window. We can now not assume scarce info, that we are able to preserve expertise at arms’ size, that college students have empty heads, or that college students cannot train themselves issues. All 4 of these have been completely inverted–or flipped–since final March.
At the identical time that every one these items modified, many features of educating and studying earlier than the pandemic have stayed the identical, and their want has change into extra acute and extra obvious. We see now extra clearly than ever that studying requires connections between individuals and concepts. We see that a development mindset is essential for studying and well-being. We positively see that the necessity to give you the chance to train oneself new issues and regulate one’s personal studying is extra necessary than ever. And we see that the necessity to information pupil development in self-teaching and self-regulation, painfully missing in pre-pandemic educating, is now at a premium.
That’s why it’s the proper time to extra absolutely undertake flipped studying in school educating. It matches all of the rising assumptions and fulfills all of the overarching wants, and steers away from all of the prior fashions that are actually on their manner out.
Because make no mistake: Once the pandemic continues to ease, and we start to begin making our manner again to the bodily classroom (like many establishments shall be doing within the fall), the worst factor we might do is strive to get “back to normal.”
What a tragic mistake it might be to exit this horrific time in historical past by losing the chance to rid ourselves of outdated fashions – and all their related injustices, inequities, and inefficiencies – and placed on one thing higher for our college students.
In this second in historical past, we’ve got the chance to reshape increased schooling into one thing higher for everybody, and we are able to honor the sacrifices we’ve had to make throughout the pandemic by selecting to do higher. We can start with our frameworks, and flipped studying is a good place to begin.